Nuclear safety

radoni.

Sinagani dasxivebis TvalsazrisiT Tanamedrove periodSi gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba eniWeba radons. ganviTarebul qveynebSi, bolo wlebSi farTo masStabebSi xorcieldeba radonis aqtivobis gazomva Senobis haerSi, radgan radonis problema pirvelxarisxovnad warmoCndeba filtvis kiboTi daavadebianobis zrdis konteqstSi, gansakuTrebiT mwevelebSi, sadac kibos riski 100-jer izrdeba.  amerikis garemos dacvis saagentom sacxovrebel saxlebSi, skolebsa da samuSao adgilebze radonis donis 2 mln-ze meti gazomviT daadgina, rom Senobebis 30 %-Si zogierT StatSi radonis maCvenebeli normaze meti iyo (87,104,108,110). radonis maRali aqtivobis  mizezad sacxovrebeli saxlebis haerSi SeiZleba CaiTvalos stekefeqti (sakvamle milis efeqti). temperaturul cvalebadobas Senobis haersa da gare haers Soris zamTris periodSi mivyevarT wnevis cvalebadobasTan, ris Sedegadac warmoiqmneba haeris nakadi, romelic SenobaSi xvdeba niadagidan. miuxedavad imisa rom am dros wneva arc ise didia - 5 paskali -  es sakmarisia radonis SenobaSi SeWris siCqaris zrdisTvis ramodenimejer, Cveulebrivisagan gansxvavebiT. es efeqti sagulisxmoa gansakuTrebiT im SenobebisaTvis, romelTac cudi izolacia gaaCniaT (8,78).

did safrTxes warmoadgens wylis orTqlis moxvedra filtvebSi, romelic Seicavs radonis maRal koncentracias, gansakuTrebiT saabazanoSi. fineTSi Senobebis gamokvlevisas aRmoCnda, rom radonis koncentracia saabazanoSi saSualod samjer aRemateba samzareuloSi mis Semcvelobas da 40-jer sacxovrebel oTaxebSi. kanadaSi Catarebuli kvlevebT dadginda, rom mTeli 7 wuTis ganmavlobaSi, roca CarTuli iyo Sxapi, radonis koncentracia abazanaSi swrafad izrdeboda da mxolod gamorTvidan naxevari saaTis Semdgom misi koncentracia gautolda pirvandels  (83,84).

      dasavleT evropis qveynebSi saSualo regionuli dozebi radonisaTvis meryeobs 2,6-22 mzv/w farglebSi. aseTive suraTi aRiniSneba ruseTSi. ruseTis mTeli teritoria radonis koncentraciis Sesabamisad dayofilia sam nawilad: saxifaTo, potenciurad saxifaTo da usafrTxo (85).

radoniT dasxivebis did nawils adamiani Rebulobs SenobebSi. radoni haerSi ZiriTadad xvdeba Senobis qvemodan arsebuli geologiuri sivrcidan, saSeni masalebidan risganac aSenebulia Senoba da sxva (100).

      radonis saSualo aqtivoba haerSi miwis zedapiridan 1 m-is manZilze Seadgens 7-12 bk/m3. im teritoriaze romlebic gajerebulia radoniT es sidide SeiZleba 50 bk/m3 aRwevdes. arsebobs teritoriebi, sadac radonis Semcveloba haerSi aRwevs 150 bk/m3 (100).

vinaidan IAEA-s monacemebiT ganviTarebul qveynebSi mosaxleoba drois 80% atarebs SenobebSi, amitomac dasxivebis umetes dozas radonisagan adamiani iRebs SenobaSi (66,67,68).

kacobriobam radonis saSiSroeba gaiTavisa ukve 60-ian wlebSi. “radonis programa” Sesrulda skandinaviis qveynebSi, amerikaSi. pirvelive Sedegebi SemaSfoTebeli iyo: radonis daSlis alfa da gama - aqtiuri radioizotopebi realur saSiSroebas warmoadgendnen janmrTelobisaTvis.

      dReisaTvis radoni miekuTvneba adamianTa janmrTelobis mdgomareobis Sefasebis mTavar problemaTa ricxvs.

            saqarTvelos sinamdvileSi SenobebSi radonis problema ara marto Sorsaa gadawyvetisagan, aramed saerTod Seswavlilic araa. mTeli rigi geoekologiuri da regionis eTnosociologiuri Taviseburebebi gvafiqrebineben, rom radonis problema saqarTveloSi Zalze mwvavea.

saqarTvelo uranmatarebeli qanebis qveyanaa da sxva qveynebTan SedarebiT radonis mosalodneli koncentraciebi maRali unda iyos. saqarTveloSi xSiria teqtonikuri rRvevebi, mineraluri wylebis zedapiruli gamosvlebi, rac erTi rigiT zrdis radonis koncentraciebs. ukanasknel saukuneSi qarTvelebi masiurad gadasaxldnen xis saxlebidan agur-blokur da panelovan saxlebSi, ramac mkveTrad gazarda radonis koncentraciebi sacxovreblebSi. Termaluri wylebis da sawvavi airis moWarbebuli gamoyeneba (gaTbobis mizniT) kidev ufro amZimebs radiohigienur situacias (95,122).

gansakuTrebiT arasasurvel Sedegs gamoiRebs TavSeyris adgilebis miwisqveSa saTavsoebSi gadatana, roca erovnulma samSeneblo industriam saerTod ar icis radonsawinaaRmdego teqnologiebi (gruntis da saZirkvelis hermetizacia, specialuri saventilacio teqnologiebi da a.S). igive unda iTqvas miwisqveSa samxedro nagebobisa Tu TavSesafrebis mimarT. sadac piradi Semadgenlobis didi nawili iyris Tavs. radonis problemis gadawyveta saqarTveloSi SesaZlebelia mxolod farTomasStabiani saxelmwifo-erovnuli programis farTod gaSlis Sedegad.

yovelive zemoaRniSnulTan erTad unda aRiniSnos rom SenobebSi gama-fonis gazomva da SedarebiTi analizi garkveulwilad SeiZleba arapirdapir miuTiTebdes daxurul saTavsoebSi radonis koncentraciis met-naklebobaze. (radonis daSlis gama-aqtiuri produqtebis xarjze).гфдһ

 

Recent Forum Posts

No recent posts

Recent Videos

No recent videos