Nuclear safety

Sinagani dasxiveba.

  dasxivebis efeqturi ekvivalenturi dozis daaxloebiT 2/3 modis Sinagani dasxivebis xarjze da mas adamiani Rebulobs radiaciis wyaroebidan sakvebiT, wyliT, haeriT, organizmSi moxvedrili radioaqtiuri nivTierebebidan. am dozis sul mcire nawili modis radioaqtiur izotopebze naxSirbadi-14 da tritiumi, romlebic warmoiqmnebian kosmosuri radiaciis moqmedebiT. danarCeni xvdeba miwieri warmoSobis wyaroebidan. saSualod adamiani Rebulobs weliwadSi 180 mikroziverts kalium-40-is xarjze. Sinagani dasxivebis SedarebiT met dozas  adamiani Rebulobs urani - 238-is ojaxis nuklidebisagan da mcireds Toriumi - 232 ojaxis radionuklidebisagan. maTi Svileuli produqtebi tyvia - 210 da poloniumi – 210, koncentrirebuli arian TevzebSi, moluskebSi, amitom adamianebma, romlebic ikvebebian Tevzis didi raodenobiT, SeiZleba miiRon dasxivebis SedarebiT maRali doza (80).

  Soreul CrdiloeTSi aTasobiT adamiani ikvebeba ZiriTadad CrdiloeTis irmis (karibu) xorciT, romelSic zemod xsenebuli orive radioaqtiuri izotopi arsebobs da sakmaod maRal koncentraciebSi. gansakuTrebiT maRalia poloniumi - 210-is Semcveloba. es izotopebi organizmSi xvdebian irmis xorcSi zamTarSi, roca isini ikvebebian mRierebiT qaragoziT (parmelia), romelSic dagrovebulia orive izotopi. Sinagani dasxivebis dozebi polonium 210-isagan am SemTxevvaSi 35-jer aRemateba saSualos (81).

  dasavleT avstraliaSi uranis momatebuli koncentraciebis adgilas adamianebi Rebuloben dasxivebis dozas 75-jer mets saSulosTan mimarTebaSi, rameTu ikvebebian cxvrisa da kengurus xorciT, romelSic dagrovebulia poloniumi – 210 da tyvia – 210. sanam organizmSi moxvdebian radioaqtiuri nivTierebebi gadian Zalian rTul gzas garemoSi  (44).

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