Nuclear safety

maionebeli radiaciis zemoqmedebis Sedegebi.

   50-ian wlebamde radiaciis uSualo zemoqmedebis ZiriTad faqtorad iTvleboda pirdapiri radaciuli zemoqmedeba radiomgrZnobel organoebsa da qsovilebze – kani, Zvlis tvini, centraluri nervuli sistema, kuW-nawlavis traqti (e.w. mwvave sxivuri daavadeba). SemdgomSi aRmoCnda, rom sxivur dazianebaSi udides rols TamaSobs ara marto organizmis garegani dasxiveba, aramed Sinaganic, romelic dakavSirebulia inkorporirebuli radionuklidebis koncentrirebiT organoebsa da qsovilebSi (43,106).

60-70-ian wlebidan didi yuradReba daeTmo ukve ara marto pirdapir (mwvave) zemoqmedebas didi dozebiT,  aramed qronikul dasxivebas mcire dozebiT da dasxivebis Soreul efeqtebs. maT Soris:

·         zemoqmedeba STamomavlobaze

·         leikozebisa da avTvisebiani simsivneebis warmoqmna

·         imunodepresia da imunodeficiti

·         organizmis momatebuli mgrZnobeloba infeqciebisadmi

·         nivTierebaTa cvlis moSla

·         kataraqtis warmoqmna

·         droebiTi an mudmivi steriloba

·         fsiqikuri ganviTarebis SeCereba

droTa ganmavlobaSi es sia ara Tu iklebs, aramed imatebs. garkveuli iqna agreTve isic, rom radiaciis moqmedeba janmrTelobaze SeiZleba damokidebuli iyos zemoqmedebis xangrZlivobaze: radiaciis erTi da igive doza miRebuli drois mcire monakveTSi, iwvevs met dazianebas, vidre igive doza miRebuli xangrZlivi periodis ganmavlobaSi (140). yvela aRniSnuli sxivuri dazianebani Tanamedrove mecnierebis mier klasificirdeba, rogorc determinirebuli da stoqasturi efeqtebi. determinirebuli efeqtebi warmoiqmneba SedarebiT maRali dozebiT zemoqmedebisas (0,5 gr-ze meti) drois xanmokle periodSi da xasiaTdeba radiaciuli zemoqmedebis zRvariT. mag msubuqi forma sxivuri daavadebisa damaxasiaTebelia 1,0 gr dasxivebisas, xolo mZime – 4,5 gr. stoqastikuri efeqtebi -  es aris avTvisebiani daavadebebi da genetikuri darRvevebi STamomavlobaSi.  isini gamoikveTebian ramodenime wlis Semdgom. miRebulia, rom stoqastikur efeqtebs ar gaaCniaT dozuri zRvari da SesaZlo efeqtebis sixSire dozis pirdapirproporciulia.  mocemul uzRvro koncefcias ar gaaCnia pirdapiri mtkicebulebani, rameTu is dafuZnebulia SedarebiT maRali dozebidan eqstrapolaciis Sedegebze.

miuxedavad amisa is warmoadgens yvela normaluri aqtis safuZvels. xazi unda gaesvas imasac, rom dasxivebis Sedegebi SeiZleba gamomJRavndes ara maSinve, aramed ramdenime (xandaxan  aTeuli) wlis Semdgom. es gansakuTrebiT SeiniSneba mcire dozebiT xangrZlivi zemoqmedebis dros. aRmoCnda rom es e.w. latenturi periodi sxvadasxvaa sxvadasxva saxis kibos ganviTarebisaTvis 5-20 welia, xolo adamianis hiperparaTireozis Camosayalibeblad -  27-52 weli (43). maionebeli gamosxivebis mcire dozebis xangrZlivi zemoqmedebis Sedegad ganviTarebuli cvlilebebi farTod aris gaSuqebuli samamulo – qarTveli mecnierebis SromebSi

 

 

 

 

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