Nuclear safety

saqarTvelos radiaciuli foni.

 

 

saqarTvelo Tavisi geografiuli mdebareobiT da geofizikuri maxasiaTeblebiT (ganeduri mdebareoba, simaRle, kosmosuri da mzis radiaciis eqspozicia, atmosferuli haeris cirkulacia, geomorfologia da sxva) maRali bunebrivi radiaciuli fonis mqone qveyanaa.

                      

igive maxasiaTeblebi xels uwyoben agreTve xelovnuri radionuklidebis gamoleqvas mis teritoriaze, ris Sedegadac dedamiwis globaluri da avariuli (Caes) dabinZurebis dros Cvens teritoriaze, gansakuTrebiT mis dasavleT nawilSi, xelovnuri radionuklidebi Warbad gamoileqa.

1989 wels Catarebuli dozimetruli kvlevebiT SavizRvispira zolSi radiaciuli fonis simZlavre meryeobda 13 – 36 mkr/sT-is farglebSi (96).

1996 wels Seiqmna saxelmwifo programa “radiacia”, romlis mizans warmoadgens saqarTveloSi arsebuli radiaciuli fonis gansazRvra, anomaluri regionebis gamovlena, mosaxleobis janmrTelobis mdgomareobis Seswavla da samkurnalo-profilaqtikuri RonisZiebebis dasaxva da gatareba (97).  

1989 wels Catarebuli dozimetruli kvlevebiT SavizRvispira zolSi radiaciuli fonis simZlavre meryeobda 13 – 36 mkr/sT-is farglebSi (96).

1996 wels Seiqmna saxelmwifo programa “radiacia”, romlis mizans warmoadgens saqarTveloSi arsebuli radiaciuli fonis gansazRvra, anomaluri regionebis gamovlena, mosaxleobis janmrTelobis mdgomareobis Seswavla da samkurnalo-profilaqtikuri RonisZiebebis dasaxva da gatareba (97).

Catarebuli gamokvlevebis Sedegad dadginda rom mcxeTa-mTianeTis regionSi Ria teritoriebis radiaciuli foni meryeobs 80 – 120 ngr/sT-is farglebSi (4,19). Sida-qarTlSi _ 68 – 76 ngr/sT-is farglebSi (23). samegreloSi dafiqsirda 125 ngr/sT, samcxe-javaxeTSi _ 55 – 180 ngr/sT-is farglebSi. guriis Ria teritoriis radiaciuli foni meryeobs 98 – 145 ngr/sT-is farglebSi. kaxeTis _ 55 – 133 ngr/sT-is farglebSi. aWaris _ 98 – 108 ngr/sT-is farglebSi. q. Tbilisis Ria teritoriebis radiaciuli foni meryeobs 80 – 120 ngr/sT-is farglebSi

 mosaxleobis umravlesoba drois umetes nawils SenobebSi atarebs. saqarTveloSi monacemebi samSeneblo masalis radioaqtiurobaze nakleb mogvepoveba. samSeneblo masalad SeiZleba gamoyenebuli iqnes xe, cementi, pemza, graniti. samSeneblo blokebi SeiZleba damzadebuli iqnes samrewvelo procesebis narCeni produqtebisagan. aseTi masalis gamoyeneba mniSvnelovnad adidebs gamosxivebis dozis simZlavres SenobaSi. saSen masalaSi Semavali radionuklidebiT SesaZlebelia adamianis rogorc garegani, aseve Sinagani dasxiveba. garegani dasxivebis TvalsazrisiT gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania gama-gamosxiveba. Sinagani dasxiveba ki xdeba samSeneblo masalidan da gruntidan gamoyofili radoniT, romelsac dReisaTvis Zalze aqtualuri mniSvneloba eniWeba sasunTqi gzebis filtvebis onkologiuri daavadebebis formirebaSi. amdenad, metad mniSvnelovania SenobaTa radiaciuli fonis gamokvlevebi, romlebic saqarTveloSi Catarda am programis farglebSi.   

mosaxleobis umravlesoba drois umetes nawils SenobebSi atarebs. saqarTveloSi monacemebi samSeneblo masalis radioaqtiurobaze nakleb mogvepoveba. samSeneblo masalad SeiZleba gamoyenebuli iqnes xe, cementi, pemza, graniti. samSeneblo blokebi SeiZleba damzadebuli iqnes samrewvelo procesebis narCeni produqtebisagan. aseTi masalis gamoyeneba mniSvnelovnad adidebs gamosxivebis dozis simZlavres SenobaSi. saSen masalaSi Semavali radionuklidebiT SesaZlebelia adamianis rogorc garegani, aseve Sinagani dasxiveba. garegani dasxivebis TvalsazrisiT gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania gama-gamosxiveba. Sinagani dasxiveba ki xdeba samSeneblo masalidan da gruntidan gamoyofili radoniT, romelsac dReisaTvis Zalze aqtualuri mniSvneloba eniWeba sasunTqi gzebis filtvebis onkologiuri daavadebebis formirebaSi.

amdenad, metad mniSvnelovania SenobaTa radiaciuli fonis gamokvlevebi, romlebic saqarTveloSi Catarda am programis farglebSi.   

aWaris regionSi Senobebis radiaciuli foni meryeobs 109 – 133 ngr/sT-is farglebSi. samegrelos regionSi dafiqsirda 60 – 170 ngr/sT. leCxumSi 126 ngr/sT. guriis regionSi Senobebis radiaciuli foni Seadgens 122 ngr/sT. Sida qarTlSi 115 ngr/sT. kaxeTSi – 118 ngr/sT. samcxe-javaxeTi 80 – 134 ngr/sT.  samaCabloSi – 95 – 138 ngr/sT. zemoT moyvanili monacemebiT SeiZleba iTqvas rom, saqarTvelos Senobebis  radiaciuli foni meryeobs 60 – 170 ngr/sT-is farglebSi, rac National radiological protection board (NRPB)-is 1993 wlis evropis qveynebis Senobebis rf fonis (50 – 80 ngr/sT) monacemTa maRali zRvaris farglebSia, da rig SemTxvevaSi masze metic

    calke aRniSvnas saWiroebs is sagangebo situacia, romelic saqarTveloSi Seiqmna gasuli saukunis 90-ian wlebSi, roca SemTxveviT iqna gamovlenili garemoSi samxedro da samoqalaqo moxeleebis upasuxismgeblobis Sedegad gabneuli radioaqtiuri wyaroebi, rasac Sedegad mohyva adamianTa janmrTelobis seriozuli dazianeba da tragikuli gamosavalic ki.  am mizniT saqarTvelos prezidentis brZanebulebiT (1997w) Seiqmna samTavrobo komisia saqarTvelos garemos dacvis saministros koordinaciiT qimiuri da radiaciuli fonis Sesamowmeblad yofili sabWoTa kavSiris yvela samxedro obieqtze, romelic ganlagebulia saqarTvelos teritoriaze. komisias daevala saqarTvelosaTvis gadmocemuli yofili sabWoTa kavSiris samxedro nawilebis, samxedro poligonebis Seswavla. komisiam 1997 wels q.Tbilisis maxloblad liloSi mdebare sawvrTneli centris (yofili sabWoTa kavSiris baza, romelic 1996 wels saqarTvelos SeiaraRebuli Zalebis mier iqna aTvisebuli) teritoriis gamokvlevisas zogierT adgilas daafiqsira maRali radiaciuli foni, SemdgomSi ki am adgilebSi aRmoCenili iqna radioaqtiuri wyaro cezium 137. aseve am teritoriebze 9 jariskacs daudgindaT sxvadasxva simZimis sxivuri daavadeba da kanis damwvroba. es faqti lokalizebuli iqna atomuri energiis saerTaSoriso saagentos (aess) daxmarebiT. 

    radioaqtiuri wyaroebi _ kobalti – 60, stroncium – 90, cezium – 137 _ aRmoCenili iyo agreTve q.quTaisSi, q.walenjixaSi da q.zestafonSi

 

 

 

 

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