Nuclear safety

dedamiwis radiacia.

 

    ZiriTadi radioaqtiuri izotopebi, romlebic dedamiwaSia gafantuli, aris  kalium-40, rubidium-87 da ori radioaqtiuri ojaxis wevrebi, romlebic sawyiss iReben Sesabamisad urani-238 da Toriumi-232 xangrZlivmoqmedi izotopebisagan.

     

 

    unda aRiniSnos, rom miwieri radiaciis done sxvadasxva adgilebisaTvis araerTgvarovania da damokidebulia radionuklidebis koncentraciaze niadagSi. mosaxleobis ZiriTadi masis ganTavsebis adgilas isini SedarebiT erTgvarovania. mosaxleobis 95% cxovrobs iseT adgilebSi, sadac dasxivebis dozis simZlavre saSualod Seadgens 0,3 da 0,6 miliziverts weliwadSi. magram sagulisxmoa, rom mosaxleobis daaxloebiT 3% Rebulobs dasxivebis SedarebiT maRal dozas - saSualod 1 miliziverts weliwadSi, xolo 1,5% - 1,4 milizivertze mets weliwadSi. aris aseve iseTi adgilebi, sadac miwieri radiacia bevrad maRalia. braziliaSi, 200 km-iT san-paulodan, aris adgili, sadac  radiaciis done 800-jer aRemateba saSualos da Seadgens 250 miliziverts weliwadSi. amaRleba dausaxlebelia. qalaq guaraparSi, mosaxleobiT 12 000 adamiani, romelic yovel wels Rebulobs 30 000 turists, pliaJis zogierT adgilas dafiqsirda radiaciis done 175 miliziverti weliwadSi. aqve unda aRiniSnos, rom radiacia SedarebiT naklebi aRmoCnda qalaqis quCebSi – 8-15 miliziverti weliwadSi da miuxedavad amisa es maCvenebeli saSualoze bevrad metia.  msgavsi situaciaa meTevzeTa sofelSi - meieape, romelic ganlagebulia 50 km-Si samxreTiT guaraparidan. orive dasaxlebuli punqti dgas silaze, romelic mdidaria ToriumiT.

   planetis meore mxares, indoeTis samxreT-dasavleTiT, 70 000 adamiani cxovrobs wvril zRvispira zolze sigrZiT 55 km, sadac sila mdidaria ToriumiT. kvlevebiT damtkicda, rom isini Rebuloben saSualod weliwadSi 3,8 miliziverts adamianze. aqedan 500-ze meti Rebulobs 8,7 milizivertze mets weliwadSi. miaxloebiT 60 Rebulobs wliur dozas, romelic aWarbebs 17 miliziverts, rac 50-jer metia radiaciis miwieri wyaroebidan saSualo wliur dozaze (132).  

   iranSi, qalaq ramserSi aRmoCenilia adgilebi mdidari radiumiT da radiaciis done Seadgens 400 miliziverts weliwadSi. cnobilia sxva adgilebic Cvens planetaze maRali radiaciiT – safrangeTi, nigeria, magadaskari. braziliis da indoeTis teritoriebi sakmaod kargad aris Seswavlili da yvela eseni warmoadgenen Cveni planetis e.w. “cxel wertilebs”.       gaerTianebuli erebis organizaciis atomuri radiaciis samecniero komitetis daskvniT garegani dasxivebis saSualo efeqturi ekvivalenturi doza, romelsac adamiani Rebulobs weliwadSi bunebrivi radiaciis miwieri wyaroebidan, Seadgens 350 mikroziverts anu kosmosuri sxivebiT zRvis doneze Seqmnili radiaciuli foniT gamowveuli saSualo individualur dozaze sul mcirediT mets

Recent Forum Posts

No recent posts

Recent Videos

No recent videos